GenDrift P global

GenDrift P global preview image

1 collaborator

Uri_dolphin3 Uri Wilensky (Author)

Tags

biology 

Tagged by Reuven M. Lerner over 5 years ago

evolution 

Tagged by Reuven M. Lerner over 5 years ago

genetic drift 

Tagged by Reuven M. Lerner over 5 years ago

Model group CCL | Visible to everyone | Changeable by group members (CCL)
Model was written in NetLogo 5.0.4 • Viewed 167 times • Downloaded 17 times • Run 1 time
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WHAT IS IT?

This model is an example of random selection. It shows that patches that randomly exchange colors converge on a single color. The idea, explained in more detail in Dennett's "Darwin's Dangerous Idea", is that trait drifts can occur without any particular purpose or 'selecting pressure'.

HOW IT WORKS

The model starts with a random distribution of colors. Each patch then randomly picks a patch to copy its color from. (It might randomly choose itself.)

After enough time passes, a color will gain a slight dominance. By statistical advantage, a dominant color becomes more likely to win the entire grid. However, because the process is random, there will usually be many series of dominant colors before one color finally wins. A key aspect is that once a color disappears --- becomes extinct --- it can never reappear.

HOW TO USE IT

Use the COLORS slider to select the number of competing colors.

The SETUP button initializes the model.

The GO button starts it, and runs continuously.

THINGS TO NOTICE

Notice that often a color nearly becomes dominant, yet loses in the end.

EXTENDING THE MODEL

Explore other rules by which patches might randomly influence each other. What does it take for one color to "win out"?

RELATED MODELS

  • GenDrift (P local)
  • GenDrift (T interact)
  • GenDrift (T reproduce)

HOW TO CITE

If you mention this model in a publication, we ask that you include these citations for the model itself and for the NetLogo software:

  • Wilensky, U. (1997). NetLogo GenDrift P global model. http://ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo/models/GenDriftPglobal. Center for Connected Learning and Computer-Based Modeling, Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.
  • Wilensky, U. (1999). NetLogo. http://ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo/. Center for Connected Learning and Computer-Based Modeling, Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright 1997 Uri Wilensky.

CC BY-NC-SA 3.0

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 559 Nathan Abbott Way, Stanford, California 94305, USA.

Commercial licenses are also available. To inquire about commercial licenses, please contact Uri Wilensky at uri@northwestern.edu.

This model was created as part of the project: CONNECTED MATHEMATICS: MAKING SENSE OF COMPLEX PHENOMENA THROUGH BUILDING OBJECT-BASED PARALLEL MODELS (OBPML). The project gratefully acknowledges the support of the National Science Foundation (Applications of Advanced Technologies Program) -- grant numbers RED #9552950 and REC #9632612.

This model was converted to NetLogo as part of the projects: PARTICIPATORY SIMULATIONS: NETWORK-BASED DESIGN FOR SYSTEMS LEARNING IN CLASSROOMS and/or INTEGRATED SIMULATION AND MODELING ENVIRONMENT. The project gratefully acknowledges the support of the National Science Foundation (REPP & ROLE programs) -- grant numbers REC #9814682 and REC-0126227. Converted from StarLogoT to NetLogo, 2001.

Comments and Questions

Click to Run Model

to setup
  clear-all
  ask patches
    [ set pcolor (random colors) * 10 + 5
        if pcolor = 75  ;; 75 is too close to another color so change it to 125
          [ set pcolor 125 ] ]
  reset-ticks
end 

to go
  ask patches [ set pcolor [pcolor] of one-of patches ]
  tick
end 


; Copyright 1997 Uri Wilensky.
; See Info tab for full copyright and license.

There are 10 versions of this model.

Uploaded by When Description Download
Uri Wilensky almost 6 years ago Updated to NetLogo 5.0.4 Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 6 years ago Updated version tag Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 6 years ago Updated to version from NetLogo 5.0.3 distribution Download this version
Uri Wilensky about 7 years ago Updated to NetLogo 5.0 Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 8 years ago Updated from NetLogo 4.1 Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 8 years ago Updated from NetLogo 4.1 Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 8 years ago Updated from NetLogo 4.1 Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 8 years ago Updated from NetLogo 4.1 Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 8 years ago Model from NetLogo distribution Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 8 years ago GenDrift P global Download this version

Attached files

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GenDrift P global.png preview Preview for 'GenDrift P global' almost 6 years ago, by Uri Wilensky Download

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